The Importance of Role Play by Great Little Trading Co
Play is fun. Play is learning. In 1989 the United Nations High Commission recognised play as a fundamental right for every child. But what is ‘Role Play’ and why is it so important?
Children today play around eight hours less per week than children born in the 1980s. Technology has played a part in that decline, but parents’ desire for children to grasp the fundamentals of literacy and numeracy by the age of 5, has also meant that some play has been replaced by groundwork for tests or educational ‘toys’. Somewhere along the way we forgot how to play.
Through play children learn basic skills such as language, creativity, problem-solving and self-control. They learn how to interact with others, how to express their needs, negotiate and compromise. They figure out complex relationships and learn how to cope with frustration, fear and anger. They explore, test, guess and discover, building foundations for later learning in science and mathematics. Manipulating objects, mark-making, running and jumping in muddy puddles all contribute to the development of fine and gross motor skills. Play is a fundamental part of a child’s cognitive, social, emotional and physical development. Through play, children learn how to learn.
Parents are a child’s first playmates. Games progress from peek-a-boo and hide-and-seek, to more complex games involving make-believe and role play. These might involve caring for toys or dolls, racing cars along the floor or having a tea party. When parents interact the play develops, lasts longer and becomes more complex. The adult is teaching the child how to sustain an activity and develop ideas. As the game progresses, so does the language and complexity of play. The tea party develops into a picnic, a feast, a celebration, a birthday party for The Queen! The child benefits from the adult’s extended vocabulary and creative ideas.
From the age of two some children are able to share these games with their peers and by three, many are able to engage in co-operative role play with clearly defined roles; ‘You be the King, I’ll be the Dragon’. Unlike the parent-child relationship where the parent tends to lead the play, play with peers tends to have a more even distribution of power as children have to jointly negotiate the rules of the game ‘this chair can be the throne’, ‘over here is the door’. Through role play children learn how to express their desires (‘but I wanted to be the Dragon’), negotiation tactics (‘let’s take turns’) and compromise. They learn how to handle conflict and how to settle arguments, how to work in a group and how to behave in social situations – and they learn them in a safe, supportive and risk-free environment, helping children to feel more confident and competent in the world around them.
Role-play typically involves the child recalling a familiar situation, such as a shopping trip or visit to the doctor and acting it out. Children use their memory skills to recreate scenes they have witnessed and practice solving problems that may be part of those scenarios ‘the time mummy forgot her purse at the check-out’ or ‘when the doctor put the bandage on my leg’. Role play promotes verbal communication as children copy words they have heard others saying, ‘that’ll be twelve pounds please’, ‘nice cup of tea?’ and requires the child to develop listening skills and to respond in an appropriate manner.
Which toys are best for role play?
The best role-play toys are accessible so the child can spontaneously decide when and how to play. This means toys need to be left out, in the home, where children can easily reach them. At Great Little Trading Co, we believe that the best role-play toys have multiple uses and can be used by a child on their own or with friends. They should be robust enough to last for years, sturdy to withstand extended bouts of play with friends and siblings and good looking enough to have on permanent display in your home.
These are a few of our favourites:
Play shops with pretend food, tills and money fascinate children and provide multiple role-play opportunities as children pretend to be customers or shop owners. Handling play money can also develop numerical skills. Turn GLTC’s Play Shop around and it becomes a theatre with added role-play value.
Play kitchens are at the heart of role play. While children are using their imagination to mimic the world around them, they’re also learning chopping, stirring, turning, opening, carrying and closing skills and increasing their vocabulary.
Dolls’ houses and toy garages scaled-down environments give children the chance to be in charge. Re-enacting real-life scenarios, or letting a dinosaur loose in the dolls’ house living room, encourage imaginations to run wild.
Play should be enjoyable, never forced, freely chosen by the child and involve a degree of make-believe. But above all, the act of playing, is more important than any end goals.
This post was written in collaboration with Great Little Trading Co. For a range of toys that promote imaginative role-play in young children visit www.gltc.co.uk.
Does your child like role-play? Which toys are best at encouraging imaginative play? Do let us know.